New guidelines on Early Warning Systems
PPRD South3 publishes its Guidelines Document on the "Set-up and management of a End to End Flood Early Warning System (E2E F-EWS)"
Given the growing importance that Early Warning Systems (EWS) have in strengthening national and regional disaster risk management capacities in the Mediterranean region for the risks linked to extreme weather events, PPRD South has taken the opportunity to develop guidelines on the state of the art in this sector, with specific reference to flood risk.
The EWS guidelines, focusing on the preparedness activities, are expected to support the National Hydrological Services (NHSs) and Meteorological Services (or any other authority, in charge for issuing the flood forecasts and related warnings) in advancing the use of flood forecasting early warning systems, and in the coordination with the civil protection authorities, responsible for issuing alerts and triggering emergency plans.
These guidelines, which are build upon well established international standards and approaches and make specific reference to the Italian experience, cannot be Country-specific recommendations but intend to embrace the main principles of an up-to-date EWS.
The purpose of these guidelines is to provide an overview of the EWS fundamental concepts and to assist Countries in improving understanding of such systems and to provide the basis for developing the country’s plan aimed at developing/improving flood-forecasting practices and service delivery.
In a nutshell, this technical document aims to:
— emphasizing the need to identify the institutional and territorial bodies involved in the fore- casting and prevention of the risks and emergency management, as well as their functional and organizational links and the necessary regulatory framework;
— indicating how the information relating to the onset and evolution of the risks must be used and made available to the various institutional subjects and territorial bodies identified;
— underlining the need to set-up a global multi-actor and multi-level system including its relationship with the other actors of society, the citizens and scientific community.